Kang Yu-wei 1898 delighted "Xi Jinping’s 2014 emphasis on Confucius has a modern-day political purpose." but for good reason not the History Departments of Futan University and Shanghai Teachers' University, 1976
"As Chairman Mao said, "In old China it was a crime to talk about reforms, and offenders would be beheaded or imprisoned."(History-Departments-of-Futan-University-and-Shanghai-Teachers'-University, 1976, p. 117)*
"It is clear that from the moment Kang Yu-wei began his reform activities he clung to the two most deeply entrenched "authorities" – the theoretical dictates of Confucius and the political power of the Emperor. The bourgeoisie revealed its nature at its first appearance, showed itself to be weak and thorough in making revolution, and tied in a hundred and one ways to the feudal class. Confucius* and the Emperor to were already in fact political corpses towards the close of the 19th century, but Kang Yue-wei still attempted to treat them with bourgeois reformism and then use them to enact a new play on the stage of history. But Kang's attempt failed, and he became a monarchist standing for restoration, himself deteriorating into a political corpse. This process was not fortuitous and, as Lu Hsun said, Kang Yu-wei came to be duly described by the people as "a protagonist of restoration."(History-Departments-of-Futan-University-and-Shanghai-Teachers'-University, 1976, pp. 19-20)
As Lenin says, "Every reform is a reform (and not a reactionary and not a conservative measure) only in so far as it constitutes a certain step, a 'stage' for the better." But every reform is introduced "in order to stem, weaken, or extinguish the revolutionary struggle, in order to fragment the strength and energy of the revolutionary classes, to befog their consciousness, etc." (History-Departments-of-Futan-University-and-Shanghai-Teachers'-University, 1976, p. 124)***
Xi Jinping: Speech at the International Symposium on the 2565th Anniversary of Confucius' Birthday, September 24, 2014 16:47:54 Source: Xinhua
Xinhua Beijing, September 24
Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the 25th Anniversary of Confucius' Birthday International Symposium and the 5th International Conference of International Confucianists
(September 24, 2014)
Ladies and gentlemen
Experts and scholars,
Ladies and gentlemen, friends:
"Today, from China and around the world guests and experts and scholars gathered in Beijing, held to commemorate the birth of Confucius 2565 anniversary of the International Symposium and the International Federation of Confucianists fifth session of the General Assembly. The meeting was an event of international Confucianism and international academia. First of all, I would like to extend my warm congratulations to the convening of the meeting. To the arrival of friends, to express my sincere welcome!
This conference is the theme of "Confucianism: world peace and development", which embodies the humanistic feelings of the future of the world and the fate of mankind. It is a very practical subject.
Peace and development are the themes of the present age and the two major issues that concern the well-being of all peoples. People around the world want to live in a peaceful atmosphere, looking forward to war, violence away from mankind. People around the world also want to live in an environment of well-being, looking forward to hunger, poverty away from mankind. However, the real world is not as good as people want, the local war is still one after another, poverty and hunger is still widespread, rolling war, extreme poverty is still threatening the lives and lives of many people, especially many women and children are still in war and poverty Under the shadow of struggling. Think of these unfortunate people, our hearts are full of sympathy and responsibility. The international community should work together to maintain world peace and promote common development. Only in this way can there be hope for peace and hope for development.
The maintenance of world peace, the promotion of common development, the need for multi-pronged, multi-generational, one of the very important aspects is to ideologically establish the concept of peaceful development. In March this year, I visited the UNESCO headquarters, the building before the stone on the use of a variety of words engraved with a word left a deep impression on me, this sentence is: "war originated in people's thinking, In the minds of mankind to build a barrier to the defense of peace. "This sentence is very reasonable. I think that in the hearts of people firmly establish the idea of peace-loving, which has a very important role in achieving peace.
The Chinese nation has always been a peace-loving nation, and peace has also deep roots in Confucianism. Chinese people since ancient times on the respected "Concorde", "relatives and good neighbors, the country's treasure also", "all within the brothers are also", "distant relatives as neighbors", "pro-pro-good neighbors, Big, militant will die "and other peaceful ideas. Peace-loving thought deeply embedded in the spiritual world of the Chinese nation, today is still the basic concept of China's handling of international relations.
From the outbreak of the Opium War in 1840 to the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the Chinese nation suffered a rare foreign invasion and internal turmoil, and the Chinese people suffered unprecedented suffering, once at the end of the danger of endangered species. Only in the Chinese people's war of resistance against Japan, the Chinese nation paid a heavy price of 35 million casualties. After the modern experience of the long-term suffering of the Chinese people know the most valuable peace, the most understand the importance of development. The Chinese people know that peace is as important as human beings as sunshine and air, without sunshine and air, and that all things can not survive.
Do unto others, do not impose on others. China needs peace, peace and peace, and is willing to do its utmost to maintain world peace and sincerely help people who are still suffering from war and poverty. China will unswervingly follow the path of peaceful development. China also hopes that all countries in the world will take the road of peaceful development and put together the concept of peaceful development into their own policies and actions.
Ladies and gentlemen, friends!
This year is the 2565th anniversary of Confucius' birthday. Confucius founded the Confucian doctrine and the Confucianism developed on this basis, had a profound impact on the Chinese civilization, is an important part of Chinese traditional culture. Confucianism, together with other ideology and culture produced in the process of the formation and development of the Chinese nation, records the spiritual activities carried out by the Chinese nation in the struggle to build their own homes, the rational thinking and the cultural achievements that reflect the Chinese nation. Spirit of the pursuit of the Chinese nation is endless, grow and develop an important nourish. Chinese civilization, not only has a profound impact on China's development, but also made a significant contribution to the progress of human civilization.
Chinese traditional culture, especially as the core of the ideological and cultural formation and development, generally experienced the pre-Qin philosophers in China contend, the Han Dynasty Confucian classics flourishing, Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties metaphysical popular, Sui and Tang Confucianism and Taoism, Song and Ming Dynasties and other historical developments period. From this historical process of stretching more than 2,000 years, we can see these characteristics. First, Confucianism and other theories exist in Chinese history are both opposites and unity, both competing and learn from each other. Although Confucianism has long dominated, it has always been in harmony with other theories. Second, Confucianism and other doctrines that exist in Chinese history are both time-shifting and changeable. They are constantly evolving and responsive to the requirements of Chinese society and the progress of the times. Thirdly, Confucianism and other doctrines that exist in Chinese history adhere to the principles of practical application and pay attention to the educational function of the people, to combine the education of the individual and society with the governance of the state, to achieve mutual complementarity and mutual promotion the goal of.
From the historical point of view, the excellent elements of Chinese traditional ideology and culture, including Confucianism, have never been interrupted for the formation and continuation of the development of Chinese civilization for many years and the formation and maintenance of China's unity and unity of the political situation, To consolidate the multi-ethnic and all-family family of China, to form and enrich the spirit of the Chinese nation, to encourage the Chinese people to safeguard national independence, against foreign aggression, to promote China's social development and progress, promote social interests and social relations balance, have played a very Important role.
In today's world, human civilization, both in material and spiritual aspects have made great progress, especially the great wealth of material is the ancient world can not imagine. At the same time, contemporary human beings are faced with many outstanding problems, such as the widening gap between rich and poor, the pursuit of luxury dignity, individualism, vicious expansion, social integrity continue to diminish, ethical and moral deteriorating, people and nature increasingly tense, and so on. To solve these problems, not only need to use the wisdom and strength of human discovery and development today, but also need to use the history of human accumulation and storage of wisdom and strength.
Some people of insight in the world believe that the Chinese traditional culture, including Confucianism, contains important revelations to solve the problems faced by contemporary mankind. For example, on the Taoist nature, the idea of harmony between man and nature, , The thinking of the world, the idea of self-improvement, the design of the virtues, on the people-oriented, the people of the people and the idea of folk music, about the government to Germany, the government is also thinking, on the new day and new The idea of thinking about the world, the idea of seeking truth from time to time, the idea of seeking truth from facts, the idea of seeking truth from the world, the practice of unity of knowledge and practice, the idea of brainstorming, Bosei public interest, teamwork, The idea of peace, the idea of peace, the idea of peace of mind, the idea of honesty and diligence, the idea of frugality, the idea of luxury, Of the thought, on the security do not forget the crisis, do not forget die, do not forget chaos, peace of mind thinking, and so on. The rich philosophical thought, humanistic spirit, enlightening thought and moral idea of Chinese excellent traditional culture can provide useful enlightenment for people to understand and transform the world, which can provide useful inspiration for the administration of state affairs and provide useful inspiration for moral construction. We should combine with the conditions of the times to inherit and carry forward and give new meaning to the traditional culture which is suitable for regulating the social relations and encouraging people to make people upwards. I hope that scholars from China and other countries will learn from each other and study each other so that China's excellent traditional culture will benefit the world with the outstanding culture of the world.
On September 24th, Chinese President Xi Jinping attended an opening speech at the Great Hall of the People to commemorate the 2565th anniversary of the birth of Confucius and the opening ceremony of the fifth session of the International
***"How Not to Write Resolutions," 1907.